In the 30 years since the HIV/AIDS pandemic began, nearly 30 million lives have been lost to the disease. Today, an estimated 35 million people worldwide are infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Each year, an additional 2.7 million people, including 390,000 children, are newly infected. In developing countries hardest hit by the disease, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS has drastically reduced adult life expectancy and orphaned 15 million children.

ICAP’s approach is grounded in an appreciation of the HIV pandemic’s broad impact on individuals, families, communities, and societies, and in an understanding of the connection between HIV/AIDS, childhood mortality and other health threats, including tuberculosis, malaria, malnutrition, and limited access to reproductive health services. Working with host countries and other partners, ICAP supports HIV programs at the national, regional, facility, and community levels, building on local strengths and resources and providing a very broad range of implementation and technical assistance.

ICAP’s goals are to expand access to HIV services while strengthening health systems by providing technical and financial support for human resources, infrastructure, training and mentoring, laboratory, pharmacy, program management capacity, and monitoring and evaluation systems. Maintaining the health of people living with HIV requires an array of services. Recognizing this need, ICAP supports comprehensive HIV prevention, care, and treatment services for adults, children, and adolescents with HIV. This includes:

ICAP also supports a broad range of initiatives to empower patients and engage communities in HIV programs. These include:

To measure the reach and impact of HIV programs in PEPFAR-supported countries, ICAP is collaborating with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on a pivotal, multi-country initiative called the PHIA Project. Findings will play a critical role in guiding future HIV-related policy and funding priorities.