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Standard Operating Procedures on Viral Load Monitoring

The concentration of HIV RNA in the blood, referred to as “viral load”, is a valuable indicator of a patient’s response to antiretroviral therapy and risk for clinical progression. This document describes standard operating procedures for viral load monitoring, including the schedule for viral load testing when used for routine monitoring, patient management, specimen collection, preparation, and transport. It is intended for health care workers at HIV care and treatment facilities and other points of care such as PMTCT settings, as well as ICAP clinical staff supporting implementation of viral load monitoring.

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