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ICAP began working in Zambia in 2005 to support the expansion of pediatric HIV treatment, care, and support.

ICAP now works in close partnership with the Ministry of Health (MOH) and provides technical support to guide the national response to HIV. ICAP also supports the development of Zambia’s health education institutions and building the nursing and midwifery workforce.

Current Projects

HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA Project)

ICAP provided technical assistance to Zambia’s Ministry of Health to conduct the Zambia Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (ZAMPHIA) survey, which assessed HIV prevalence, incidence, and access to HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. The survey comprised household-based interviews and HIV counseling and testing services for adults and children. Conducted between October 2015 and August 2016, the survey found that HIV incidence, 0.66 percent (ages 15 to 64), is lower than previously estimated. Compared to the 2003 incidence estimates between 1.3 and 1.5 percent per year, the current rate of new HIV infections has been cut in half during the past 13 years, when effective HIV treatment became available in sub-Saharan Africa, largely through support from PEPFAR.

Survey findings are used to assess the impact of Zambia’s HIV response at the national level and to help guide and target future investment and programs. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

ESIS Task Order 4

ICAP is collaborating with the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia (CIDRZ) to conduct an evaluation to generate information about HIV prevalence among general and key populations. This information will be used to estimate HIV incidence and provide information about access to health services. (funded by the CDC)

Nursing Education Partnership Initiative

Expanding the role of nurses and midwives is critical to meet Zambia’s national health care needs and addressing HIV, tuberculosis, and other diseases. ICAP is partnering with the MOH and the General Nursing Council of Zambia to build the capacity of health training institutions, enhance teaching and learning in the classroom and clinical settings, and ensure an adequate number of well-trained and qualified nurses and midwives. Through the NEPI project, ICAP develops innovative curricula to reduce time to accreditation, provides tuition assistance, and offers critical skills-building through online training in Option B+. Online at nepinetwork.org. (funded by PEPFAR through HRSA)

Global TA: Rapid Test Quality Improvement Initiative

This project will strengthen HIV rapid testing quality assurance efforts by developing guidelines, indicators, and tools for implementing and monitoring retesting procedures for HIV positive individuals prior to ART initiation. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

Global TA: Family Planning

ICAP is examining the feasibility and impact of implementing an “enhanced” model of integration activities for improving access to and uptake of contraceptive methods compared to the current standard of care. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)